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Latest statistical analysis of women’s political, health, educational, cultural and social status in Iran
Posted: Mar 23,2009

1. Women’s population in 2006 has been estimated above 34.600.000, which constitutes around 49% of the total population of the country. Women’s average population growth has been 1.52 in the last decade. More than 50% of women’s population in 2006 was under 25.

2.Birth rate in 2007 has been 1.300.000 where female constitutes 48.87%. The rate increased reaching its peak during its first decade after the revolution in 1979 after which the rate has been decreasing annually and it is likely that the birth rate increases again in the upcoming years.
3.There have been more than 840.000 registered marriages in 2007. The average first marriage age was 23.2 for women and 26.2 for men in 2006.
4.There have been more than 99.800 registered divorces in 2007, which constitutes 12% of the marriages.
5.Life expectancy since birth has been 75 for females and 70.2 for males in 2007. The index has increased more than 18 years for women in the past 30 years.
6.Rate of children conceived was estimated 2.1 in 2006. The rate has increased to 4.2 child as compared to the past 30 years. This shows that the population control has been successfully conducted in the country.
7.Rate of working women as compared to the total working population has been 13.6% in 2006. The rate has increased to 12.3% as compared to the last 10 years.
8.Working women are distributed as 36.6% in the service sector, 31.8% in the industry and 31.6% in agriculture, 59.7% of working women in the private sector and 37.3% in the public sector.
9.Number of working women was estimated above 750.000 in 2006. The rate constitutes 33.6% of the total state employees and has increased to 10% as compared to the last 10 years.
10.According to the 2006 census, women’s literacy rate was estimated 80.34% as compared to the total population of women above 6. The rate constitutes 46.68% of the total literate population of the country. It has also increased more than 126% as compared to the last 30 years.
11.Number of female students and has been estimated above 6.791.000 in 2008. The rate constitutes 48.6% of the total numbers of students and has decreased to 20.3% as compared to the last 10 years due to the population control. However, the rate has increased to 144% as compared to the past 30 years. It is note-worthy that girls attend almost 63% of the pre-university courses.
12.Number of female employees of the Ministry of Education was estimated 511,522 in 2007. The rate constitutes 51% of the ministry total employees. The rate has increased more than 285% as compared to the last 30 years.
13.Total number of female participants of the 2008 university entrance has been reported 756,847. The number constitutes 63.19% of total participants in 2008, which is 5.7 times higher than the number in the past 25 years.
14.Number of female admitted to state higher education centers was reported 285,634 in 2007, which is 20 times more than the number in the past 30 years.
15.Percentage of females admitted into university as compared to the total admitted population in 2007 was 44.27% for associate, 63.4% for BA, 42.3% for MA and 44.7% for PhD students.
16.Number of women employees of educational departments of the state higher education centers has been 16,476 in 2007, which constitutes 20% of the total education staff in universities. The rate is 7 times higher as compared to the past 30 years.
17.Number of women candidates for the 8th parliamentary election was 585, which constitutes 8.16% of the total candidates. The number is five times more as compared to women candidates of the first parliamentary election.
18.Number of women MPs of the 8th parliament is 8, which constitutes 2.76% of the total numbers of MPs. The number is twice as more as the number of women MPs in the first round of parliament. It has also decreased to 42.8% as compared to the 5th round.
19.Number of women athletes covered by sports groups of the physical educational organization has been more than 3.246.000 in 2006. The rate is 16 times more than as compared to the last 20 years.

Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran

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"... From the beginning of the first century A.D., when the two Trung Sisters rose up to fight the enemy and save the nation, until now, whenever our country has faced danger, our women have contributed whatever they could toward the cause of national liberation.

Our people are grateful that our mothers from South and North alike have borne and raised our nation's generation of heroes....

Under the Socialist system, tens of thousands of women have become specialists in different fields and, as cadre, serve as directors and vice-directors of factories, leaders of farming cooperatives, presidents of People’s Committees, and general secretaries of Party Cells....

And so, the women of Vietnam from ancient times until now, from South to North, from young to old, are truly heroes ..."

(Excerpted from President Ho Chi Minh's speech on the 36th Anniversary of Vietnam Women's Union 20 October 1966)

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