Labour export, an effective method of employment generation
According to the Overseas Worker Management Department under the Ministry of Labour, War Invalids and Social Affairs, since 2001 more than 295,000 Vietnamese have gone to work abroad, bringing the totalnumber of Vietnamese workers in foreign countries to 400,000.
In 2005, the country sent nearly 70,600 workers abroad, a 5 percent year on year increase. The overseas workers have remitted about 1.6 billion USD to the country. The labour export sector is one of
Labour export has also helped generate jobs in related services, such as job and foreign language training, thus reducing the pressure of the matter of employment for workers in the country. Labour export businesses have annually contributed to the State budget tens of billions of VND from their profits and management fees.
Nguyen Thanh Hoa, Head of the Overseas Workers Management Department, said that in addition to traditional markets, labour export businesses have sent workers to new markets.
The number of Vietnamese workers in traditional markets has markedly increased, including more than 30,000 workers in the
Hoa said that in coming years, Viet Nam has chance to expand markets for labour exports as the world labour market has a great demand for foreign workers, particularly for such work as electronics assembly, garment and textile, services, domestic labour, and forest and agriculture production, which are suitable to Vietnamese workers.
However, the labour export sector still has many limitations. Labour export businesses are small and lack professional skills. Vietnamese labourers should try to meet the increasing demands of the international labour market, particularly for foreign language skills and a high sense of discipline.
For the target of sending 80,000 workers abroad in 2006, the Ministry of Labour, War Invalids and Social Affairs is trying to complete a draft of the Law on Vietnamese Labour in Foreign Countries to submit to the National Assembly in 2006. The ministry will also implement the Government's Decree No. 141 on management of oversea Vietnamese workers.
The ministry plans to promote the education and job training of workers for export, prevent violations of the law in labour exports and instruct localities to promote cooperation with businesses in preparing labour for export.-Enditem.